Plant turnips and mustards as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. Plant the seeds in moist soil. If only one row is to be planted, use 1 cup of fertilizer for each 10 feet of row (Fig. Simmer the mustard greens as directed above. Mustards are ready to harvest within 35-45 days after planting. As soon as it does, give it lots of light to prevent weak, leggy growth. In South Texas and coastal areas, turnips and mustard grow well all winter. Broadleaved mustard has a wide, flat leaf. High summer heat may keep mustard plants from growing healthy. You can extend this harvest season by planting every two weeks throughout the spring and fall seasons. Phosphorus, the middle number on the fertilizer bag, is especially needed to grow good turnip roots. Diseases on turnips are most severe in cloudy, damp weather. Before using a pesticide, read the label and always follow cautions, warnings, and directions. How Long Does It Take to Harvest Mustard Seed?. They add spice to salads, nutrients to soups and stews, and the seeds have endless possibilities. The reason is you can harvest the greens multiple times while the turnips are still growing. Beet greens can be picked when the root is mature and eaten, or picked when the root is very tiny, as when thinning the beets. Read Also: When to Harvest Turnip Greens Mustard works well as a border to a flower bed or sidewalk (Fig. Some of them, like spinach, can be planted again late in the summer for a fall harvest as well. Read Also: When to Plant Okra in Arkansas. There are many types of leafy greens available, so it’s no excuse to say you don’t like greens. Most greens are cool season veggies that are planted in the spring for an early summer harvest. Figure 7b. Thin the mustard plants until they are about 6 inches apart (Fig. How to Purée Mustard Greens. Harvest mustard greens when they are young and tender. Before planting, widen the planting bed to 8 to 10 inches by dragging the top from the ridges with a rake or hoe. Turnip is a dual purpose crop—the leaves are used for greens, and the root is cooked similar to potatoes and beets. Purée the greens in a food processor or chop it by hand, add 4 to 6 tablespoons of melted butter, 2 tablespoons of heavy cream and a dash of nutmeg, then blend well. Spread the fertilizer beside the plants, mix it lightly with the soil and water it into the soil. Make ridges 6 to 8 inches high and 18 to 24 inches apart in the soil. If the soil is sandy and the season is wet, apply more fertilizer later. This means that picking this leafy green can continue from July all the way through October! Harvest turnip roots when they are 2 to 2½ inches in diameter. Greens can be stored several days in closed plastic bags in the refrigerator. Mustard varieties can be broadleaved or curled. Harvest turnip greens by pulling the entire plant when the leaves are 4 to 6 inches long (Fig. Our work makes a difference, in the lives of Texans and on the economy. All of them are easy to grow, rich in nutrients (although some more than others) and some can be eaten both fresh and cooked. When cooked properly, mustard and turnip greens are high in minerals and vitamins A and C. Turnips can be used either for greens or for roots. Pull the weeds by hand or use a hoe, but do not cut too deeply with the hoe, or you may cut of the some crop roots. Harvest turnip greens by pulling the entire plant when leaves are 4 to 6 inches long. A variety developed for root production can be harvested for greens. Harvesting leafy greens is a simple matter as well. Curled leaf mustard produces narrow, wrinkled leaves like those of spinach. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. 6). Harvesting leafy greens is a simple matter as well. Cut the large outer leaves and leave the inner leaves to continue growing. Some gardeners do not like curled mustard because it is hard to wash sand and dirt from the wrinkled leaves. Just before planting, drag the top from the ridges with a rake or hoe to widen the planting bed to 8 to 10 inches (Fig. Before planting mustard or turnips, till the soil then scatter 2 to 3 pounds of complete garden fertilizer such as 15-5-10 over each 100 square feet (Fig. However, if you want faster growing times and really tasty mustard, then plant mustard in … When planting a fall crop, cover the seeds with sand or light-colored mulch to keep the row cool. Joseph Masabni, Assistant Professor and Extension Horticulturist, The Texas A&M University System. Check the plants daily; if diseases appear, treat the plants with an approved fungicide. Mustard and turnip greens are also easily grown in window boxes and containers on an apartment balcony or patio. 5.) Figure 2. Always follow label directions. As the leaves mature, the larger outer leaves can be picked off leaving the majority of the plant in the earth unscathed to continue to grow. Do not leave them too long. Harvesting Turnip Greens. To harvest fall turnips, consider harvesting right after a light frost for a tastier flavor. Scatter 2 to 3 pounds of complete garden fertilizer such as 10-20-10 over each 100 square feet.

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