The pineapple was documented in Peter Martyr's Decades of the New World in 1516 and Antonio Pigafetta's Le Voyage et Navigacion.. of 1526, and the first known illustration was in Oviedo's Historia General de Las Indias in 1535. When the pineapple pieces are frozen, transfer them to airtight bags or containers. The industry was destroyed in the Second World War and is only starting to be revived. The pineapple is a herbaceous perennial, which grows to 1.0 to 1.5 m (3.3 to 4.9 ft) tall, although sometimes it can be taller.In appearance, the plant has a short, stocky stem with tough, waxy leaves. [60], Pineapple fruits and peels contain diverse phytochemicals, among which are polyphenols, including gallic acid, syringic acid, vanillin, ferulic acid, sinapic acid, coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, and arbutin. That’s almost 2 pounds. When pineapple is cultivated on modern plantations, an asphalt-impregnated mulch paper is usually first laid on well-tilled soil in rows, with the edges covered to anchor the strips of paper. Further, it is the third most important tropical fruit in world production. Since the fruit is harvested [48], Pineapple vinegar is an ingredient found in Honduran, and Filipino cuisine, where it is produced locally. The ovaries develop into berries, which coalesce into a large, compact, multiple fruit. 1 lb. 0 0 1 [24][25], Columbus brought the plant back to Spain and called it piña de Indes, meaning "pine of the Indians". [16] This usage was adopted by many European languages and led to the plant's scientific binomial Ananas comosus, where comosus, "tufted", refers to the stem of the plant. canned. Along with this, pineapple has few secrets that can make it a part of your weight … [54], In 2018, world production of pineapples was 27.9 million tonnes, led by Costa Rica, the Philippines, Brazil, and Thailand as the largest producers. They were favored for their light and breezy quality, which was ideal in the hot tropical climate of the islands. The original “sexy” pineapple diet is a mono diet, which means you are allowed to consume only pineapple for two days to lose 4-5 lbs (lose 30 … Bertoni, "Contributions a l'étude botanique des plantes cultivées. [33] In architecture, pineapple figures became decorative elements symbolizing hospitality.[34][35][36]. The average weight of the fruit is ca. In the Philippines, a traditional jelly-like dessert called nata de piña has also been produced since the 18th century. [66][68], Pineapples are subject to a variety of diseases, the most serious of which is wilt disease vectored by mealybugs[69] typically found on the surface of pineapples, but possibly in the closed blossom cups. [71][72] and Tatumella ptyseos. Pineapple pink disease (not citrus pink disease) is characterized by the fruit developing a brownish to black discoloration when heated during the canning process. KF Baker, JL Collins, "Notes on the distribution and ecology of Ananas and Pseudananas in South America", "piña cloth". How long will the footprints on the moon last? These may be removed for propagation, or left to produce additional fruits on the original plant. "Pernambuco" ("eleuthera") weighs 1–2 kg (2–4 lb), and has pale yellow to white flesh. How will understanding of attitudes and predisposition enhance teaching? [73][74], Some pests that commonly affect pineapple plants are scales, thrips, mites, mealybugs, ants, and symphylids. "Natal queen", at 1.0 to 1.5 kg (2 to 3 lb), has golden yellow flesh, crisp texture, and delicate mild flavor; well-adapted to fresh consumption, it keeps well after ripening. The pineapple is a herbaceous perennial, which grows to 1.0 to 1.5 m (3.3 to 4.9 ft) tall, although sometimes it can be taller. It was the original pineapple cultivar in the Philippines grown for their leaf fibers (, "Smooth cayenne", a 2.5- to 3.0-kg (5- to 6-lb), pale yellow– to yellow-fleshed, cylindrical fruit with high sugar and acid content, is well-adapted to canning and processing; its leaves are without spines. It is an ancient cultivar developed by. [53], Raw pineapple pulp is 86% water, 13% carbohydrates, 0.5% protein, and contains negligible fat (table). Since it is difficult to treat, it is advisable to guard against infection by planting resistant cultivars where these are available; all suckers that are required for propagation should be dipped in a fungicide, since the fungus enters through the wounds. [41] In 2009, the Maui Pineapple Company reduced its operations to supply pineapples only locally on Maui,[42] and by 2013, only the Dole Plantation on Oahu grew pineapples in a volume of about 0.1 percent of the world's production. How long will it take to cook a 12 pound turkey? (Fig. [15] Later in the same English translation, he describes the same fruit as a Nana made in the manner of a Pine apple, where he used another Tupi word nanas, meaning "excellent fruit". Paraguay (2nd series) 4 (1919:250–322). Cut pineapple lasts a couple of days if placed in a tightly covered container and stored in the refrigerator. Whole, cored slices with a cherry in the middle are a common garnish on hams in the West. [28][22] Pineapple plants were distributed from the Netherlands to English gardeners in 1719 and French ones in 1730. [62][63], Present in all parts of the pineapple plant,[64] bromelain is a mixture of proteolytic enzymes. Since the 1820s, pineapple has been commercially grown in greenhouses and many tropical plantations. Calculate volume of PINEAPPLE CHUNKS IN PINEAPPLE JUICE, UPC: 041512085161 per weight, it weighs 295.87 g/metric cup (9.88 oz/US cup). It is made by fermenting pineapple juice with Komagataeibacter xylinus. Domestically, they were used to make the traditional barong tagalog, baro't saya, and traje de mestiza clothing of the Filipino upper class, as well as women's kerchiefs (pañuelo). [21][22] The Portuguese took the fruit from Brazil and introduced it into India by 1550. [75], Some buyers prefer green fruit, others ripened or off-green. 1/3 cup. [70] Pineapple for Weight Loss. The fabric was a luxury export from the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period and gained favor among European aristocracy in the 18th and 19th centuries. [2], Like most modern fruit production, pineapple plantations are highly industrialized operations. )", Pests and Diseases of Pineapple: Food Market Exchange – B2B e-marketplace for the food industry, "Pink disease, a review of an asymptomatic bacterial disease in pineapple", http://www.thefreedictionary.com/pi%C3%B1a+cloth. When creating its fruit, it usually produces up to 200 flowers, … It is sold whole or in halves with a stick inserted. After cleaning and slicing, a pineapple is typically canned in sugar syrup with added preservative. with this diet in a period of two weeks. [2][18][19] Little is known about domestication but it spread as a crop throughout South America, and it eventually reached the Caribbean, Central America, and Mexico, where it was cultivated by the Mayas and the Aztecs. The Free Dictionary. about 4 lbs 1 lb. It is found in pineapple and has anti-inflammatory properties ().A study conducted on Wister rats fed a high-fat diet found that the bromelain found in pineapple juice aids weight loss by regulating the serum leptin and insulin levels ().. 4. The introduction of the pineapple to Europe in the 17th century made it a significant cultural icon of luxury. The fruit itself is quite perishable[2] and if it is stored at room temperature, it should be used within two days; however, if it is refrigerated, the time span extends to 5–7 days. Davidson A. Retrieved on 6 November 2014 from, List of countries by pineapple production, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Pineapple Definition | Definition of Pineapple at Dictionary.com", "Pineapple production in 2016, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Functional aspects of floral nectar secretion of Ananas ananassoides, an ornithophilous bromeliad from the Brazilian savanna", "Hawaii Pineapple: The Rise and Fall of an Industry", "The History of Pineapple in the Philippines", "Oxford Index – Pieter de La Court van der Voort", "It's Pineapple Season, But Does Your Fruit Come From Hawaii? (2008) The Penguin Companion to Food. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? [56], Many cultivars are known. Bromelain is a proteolytic enzyme, i.e., an enzyme that helps break down protein molecules. A slice of pineapple weighs 6.2 ounces (175 grams). One cup of fresh pineapple chunks contains just 82 calories, 21.6 grams of total carbohydrates, 2.3 grams of dietary fiber, 16.3 grams of natural sugars, 0.9 grams of protein, 21 mg of calcium, 180 mg of potassium and 0.1 gram of fat. [4] The pineapple is indigenous to South America, where it has been cultivated for many centuries. [22] Jams and sweets based on pineapple were being imported to Europe from the West Indies, Brazil and Mexico from an early date, and by the early 19th century, fresh pineapples were transported direct from the West Indies in large enough quantities to reduce European prices. Chunks of pineapple are used in desserts such as fruit salad, as well as in some savory dishes, including pizza toppings, or as a grilled ring on a hamburger. In a 100-gram reference amount, raw pineapple supplies 50 calories, and is a rich source of manganese (44% Daily Value, DV) and vitamin C (58% DV), but otherwise contains no micronutrients in significant amounts.

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