Turville-Petre, E.O.G. These names, like “Jord,” all mean “earth,” so, given the context, it’s unlikely that they were thought of as being truly distinct personages. Norse Mythology will serve alike the student of Old Norse literature, and the general reader who seeks an authoritative guide through the world of Northern myth and legend. Hertha, a primary goddess of nature and vegetation (including plants, moss, lichen, and fungi). Jord is a female Jotunn and she's the mother of Thor. Another Germanic goddess, Nerthus, was specifically identified with the Roman Terra Mater, “Mother Earth,” by the Roman historian Tacitus. The Prose Edda. Also commonly known as Jord. Her name is often employed in skaldic poetry and kennings as a poetic term for land or earth. It would be extremely strange if this concept weren’t also found amongst the Norse and other Germanic peoples, and we can indeed find numerous examples of it. Thor, whose name means “Thunder,” is the animating spirit of the storm whose rain fertilizes the fields. She is the mother of the thunder god Thor, and a sexual partner of Odin. Scholars have debated whether the stanza referring to her in the Prose Edda refers to Frigg. My thanks are due to Professor Magnus Olsen for permission to translate the work, and to Professor William Witherle Lawrence, of Looking for more great information on Norse mythology and religion? Sister of Ran and Hertha, and mother of Thor. Angela Hall. That she was “Earth” was apparently enough. Trans. JÖRÐ Norse Earth Goddess. Njord is the God of the wind and fertility as well as the sea and merchants at sea and therefore was invoked before setting out to sea on hunting and fishing expeditions. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Her name is connected with that of the Lithuanian thunder god Perkun; both are thought to be related to Old High German forha, “oak” (also “fir”), and Latin quercus, “oak.”. Earth, Jorth, Fjorgyn, Nerthus, Eordan Modar (Mother Earth), Eorde, Erce, Fold, Fira Modor, Hlodynn, Hludana, Grund, Erda, Drighten. Ancient Goddess of the Wilderness and Primitive Earth Snorri Sturluson. Since “Jord” (Old Norse Jörð) is the Old Norse word for “Earth,” and since fjörgyn (as a common noun with a lowercase “f”) is commonly used in Old Norse poetry to signify “earth” in a general sense,  Jord and Fjorgyn seem to be identical or at least closely related. Collingwood (1908) Njord (pronounced “NYORD;” Old Norse Njörðr, whose meaning/etymology is unknown) is one of the principal gods of the Vanir tribe of deities. In Norse mythology, Hlín is a goddess associated with the goddess Frigg.Hlín appears in a poem in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson, and in kennings found in skaldic poetry. The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion. Jörð is attested to in the Prose Edda and the Poetic Edda. She plays no active part in the tales whatsoever, and is referenced only in passing as being the mother of Thor and as being the daughter of Nótt (“Night”) and Anarr (“Another”).. Throughout the Indo-European world – for example, among the Celts, Slavs, Greeks, Romans, and early Hindu society – the idea that femininity and the earth are intrinsically connected, as are masculinity and the sky, was one of the most basic and common ideas. Gylfaginning, chapter 37. Her name is the word "Earth" in Old Norse. Norse Mythology, also known as the Scandinavian mythology, is a body of myths of the North Germanic people. Corrections? Thor’s mother was Jord, the earth goddess. She mated with Odin in a cave and gave birth to Thor. Premium Membership is now 50% off. Jord (pronounced “YORD;” Old Norse Jörð, “Earth”) is an obscure and seldom-mentioned giantess and goddess in Norse mythology. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Germanic religion and mythology: Jörd (Jörðr). Before the Norse and other Germanic peoples converted to Christianity, their sacred tales and divine personalities were never systematized or rationalized like they are in modern storybook versions of mythology. 1959. All rights reserved. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). p. 188. One example of the hieros gamos is the union between Thor and his wife Sif. © Daniel McCoy 2012-2019. They wouldn’t have necessarily felt a need to explain exactly who Thor’s mother was. Skáldskaparmál, chapter 4. 34. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Also Gaia/Gaea, Ge, and Terra in Greco-Roman tradition. p. 179. 1993. Thor’s daughter is Thrud, the powerful. Spirit animals are a snapping turtle, a Canadian toad, and a rock vole. While this site provides the ultimate online introduction to the topic, my book The Viking Spirit provides the ultimate introduction to Norse mythology and religion period. Jörd, (Old Norse: “Earth”, ) in Norse mythology, a giantess, mother of the deity Thor and mistress of the god Odin. Jörð (Old Norse jǫrð, "earth") is the personification of earth and a goddess in Norse mythology. Black Friday Sale! Updates? There are also stories about Balder, Freyr and Heimdall.But just like the world of men, the realm of the gods was populated by both men and women. Her name is connected with Trans. She does counts as a goddess. He was the father of Freyr and Freyja by his own sister. Njord, one of the Vanir gods, was first married to his sister Nerthus and had two children with her, Frey and Freyja. “Mother Nature”. “Earth” here seems to be more of a general concept than a discrete figure. Omissions? p. 118-147. The charm was recited when the plow cut the first furrow of the growing season, and milk, honey, flour, and water were poured into the soil.. The vast majority of stories about the gods in Norse mythology focus on the likes of king Odin, invincible Thor and trickster Loki. The fact that the references to her in Old Norse literature are so sparse and insubstantial lends further credence to this interpretation. He is also known to have the ability to calm the waters as well as fire. Also known as Fjorgyn, Hlodyn, Jord, Jörð, Jörth. The elder gods all turned … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. ... Lofn was the goddess of forbidden love in Norse mythology. He’s also an honorary member of the Aesir gods, having been sent to them during the Aesir-Vanir War along with his son, Freyr, and his daughter, Freya. Myth and Religion of the North: The Religion of Ancient Scandinavia. In Marvel, Jord is called Gaea. “Njord’s Desire of the Sea” by W.G. Also known as Nerthus. Joro is a beautiful name meaning ‘earth’. She plays no active part in the tales whatsoever, and is referenced only in passing as being the mother of Thor  and as being the daughter of Nótt (“Night”) and Anarr (“Another”). Like Máni, she is often attested to in magic spells; and like Ullrwe know she played a larger role in the daily religious observances of our forebears than the surviving literature about her might suggest. Njǫrd, Old Norse Njǫror, in Norse mythology, the god of the wind and of the sea and its riches.His aid was invoked in seafaring and in hunting, and he was considered the god of “wealth-bestowal,” or prosperity. She is further attested to in the archaeological record, being invoked in various charms, spells and prayers, such as the common Saxon charm, Aecerbot. In all likelihood, what these passages are really saying is that Thor is the son of an earth goddess, but not necessarily any one specific earth goddess. Jörð (Old Norse jǫrð, "earth") is the personification of earth and a goddess in Norse mythology.She is the mother of the thunder god Thor, and a sexual partner of Odin. Jörð Basics. Fjorgyn, a primary goddess of nature, stone, and soil. She is one of the elder gods.
Jord, also spelled Iord or Jörð, is the mother of Thor in Norse mythology. Willard Trask. Jord (pronounced “YORD;” Old Norse Jörð, “Earth”) is an obscure and seldom-mentioned giantess and goddess in Norse mythology. Lounn: Sif’s most-noted attribute is her long, flowing blonde hair, which is surely meant to be understood as corresponding to a field of grain ripe for harvest. Who Were the Indo-Europeans and Why Do They Matter.  Simek, Rudolf. Ultimately, then, when the Old Norse poets referred to Thor’s mother as “Earth,” they seem to have been referring more to a general concept that was ambient and taken-for-granted in their society than they were to a particular mythological figure. The Old Norse Language and How to Learn It, The Swastika – Its Ancient Origins and Modern (Mis)use. Her name is often employed in skaldic poetry and kennings as a poetic term for land or earth. 1964.  Eliade, Mircea. Such an interpretation seems to be overly literal. In the late pre-Christian era she was believed to have had a husband of the same name, perhaps indicating her transformation into a masculine personality. The Norse and other Germanic peoples were part of the larger Indo-European group of peoples. Jörd, (Old Norse: “Earth”, ) also called Fjörgyn, or Hlódyn, in Norse mythology, a giantess, mother of the deity Thor and mistress of the god Odin.
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