Si؄�j���5�}E}IZQ�$���W~�� �K����ұ��INg�[딓ߪ���抳���|n�kU��D��4�i�+r�BzXď��9c@~3�Ǡ�^,��z��T�_&� -$B��ۑ,VR8��^���8��F�$QA%� ����`�8��-�Td��D ��A[����p��)�U�\ە)�9��� G1��W�a�s'Kvœ4�kaSH����L�G�������v�U��. The decision-makers in both instances are satisfied with their choices, and even more content with their ability to manipulate the decision-making process to their advantage. Step 2 – Gather Information and Alternatives Associated With Choices. Fundamentals of Decision Making for Engineering Design and Systems Engineering George A. Hazelrigg Margaret Dickens Whinney, 1894-1975 [sic] , John Summerson, 1983, Architectural historians, 8 pages download Fundamentals of Decision Making for Engineering Design and Systems Engineering 126 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<647F2F0D80CE153C244892D398C48BF7>]/Index[105 41]/Info 104 0 R/Length 101/Prev 408699/Root 106 0 R/Size 146/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream But if there are no neighbors or family nearby with whom the person could entrust her children to, then it is obvious she has no choice, but to stay home with the children. Over the next few weeks and months, they will review the choices they have made to determine if they were the best options for their situations, and whether or not the plan needs to be "tweaked" in some way. Some consider it an art, others a proficiency. In this case, it is the father, and he is spending the morning contacting nursery schools in the area and setting up visitations for the following day. Here, there is a broader spectrum of choices, and, therefore, the implications for decision making are more challenging. Making decisions is a part of everyday life. Ultimately, no matter how the problem or goal is identified, the most important point is the essence of the first step in the decision-making process -- to be able to state the problem in plain and understandable verbiage. Chapter 1 Fundamentals of Decision Making Process 1.1 Motivating Example A computer production company produces three types of computers: alpha, beta and gamma com-puters. He does have limited funds, however, and does not want to live at home. 32 0 obj There are many different techniques that are used by managers to help them choose among the alternatives and make a decision. Step 1: Identification of the purpose of the decision. No matter what decision you are faced with making, you eventually have to act on it. Yet this is part of growing up and becoming an adult, and each time a person implements the decision-making process, he or she becomes more adept and competent in the skill, and more confident of their own ability to utilize it for their own benefit. Either way, this application of the decision-making process has advanced their expertise in the four steps that are required to navigate life's choices. The decision-making process is choosing among two or more courses of action for a given situation. Following are the important steps of the decision making process. Why not take an. Let's have a look at the decision making process in detail. If we use the two examples from this section, we find that the parent has decided to stay home and spend the time finding a quality daycare replacement. In this case, the decision-making process will be separated into four steps, with explanations of how they can be applied in formal and informal situations. h�b```f`` Second, research all of the options that are available to address the problem. It is important to incorporate these findings into the information-gathering step. © Copyright 1999-2020 Universal Class™ All rights reserved. H��WɎ]� ݿ��Kۀnk���Ћ ��n;p��A�>�! %���� He and his wife have agreed to take turns staying home with the children over the next few days until a proper solution can be found. 145 0 obj <>stream Relevant information will need to be gathered prior to a determination. With a clear idea in mind of the decision that a person is facing, the next step is to brainstorm or research all of the possible options. However, this very same challenge might be stated in more eloquent and exaggerated language, such as, "I am required to be on the job site today and our in-home child care worker has failed to appear at our agreed-upon time. )��`�A�]E�j�pxH}����q �h-��õR�������t�G���!җ�>���/��~9~�\i��O_�(��'�A�.�����]~�������%����ӏH�׳�1�ϖ=��'~��wW���ˋ������]>�ڱu���#U����:��. In other words, you have actively implemented the decision-making process to this point. �t��� Sometimes, when an individual reaches this point of the decision-making process, the best choice from among the opportunities might be evident and stand out from among the rest. '�/a���2ؿG���5��vG��+�^ Once the alternatives have been explored extensively, and a list of choices has been generated from which an optimal decision can be made, the natural next step is to actually elect one of the options that have been developed. Another way this same goal can be clarified might be with more sophisticated verbiage such as, "I am faced with the decision of attending college and postponing employment, or finding a job and joining the workforce immediately. Perhaps the parent has family or neighbors to whom they could turn for last-minute babysitting. For instance, a person may be thinking about their future and say to themselves, "Going to college is probably a good option, if I want to make a lot of money in the future." It is not uncommon for people to put off decision-making because they are hesitant to make life-defining choices. If you are venturing into this study to become more adept, if not expert, in decision making, then it is valuable to remember the four steps of the process. These are choices that require greater investigation." This might make the choice less palatable, but should be confirmed as an authentic fallout in Step 2 of the decision-making process. Their expertise may provide the decision-maker with real-world and relevant insight that would further advance the process. Decisions may be personal or professional, but, in each case, the choices will often have lasting consequences. Now, it might be a good idea to let your subconscious do the thinking for you. The decision-making process is choosing among two or more courses of action for a given situation. Others prefer to implement a much more highly complex set of procedures that should end in optimal results. If we return to the first example in Step 1, we find a parent who may be moments away from expecting to leave his or her home and head to work, safe in the routine of the caregiver's arrival. In other words, taking action is the adult part of the decision-making process and the end result of all the pre-planning that goes into it. 7Am�~�7��'2e �F�I�����W�f�D;��Ò&��@����> {��� w6x�L5�P�5}���q-v [�g��E��ֶ�ұ�#K`E��E�ť��\�'��b���-��K���i�c�(�d�bA�!��b5:L2��d�$a�P����~��+�չ. It is important to remember that this step also includes seeking the advice of experts in the field, and the opinions of trusted family members or associates. �p������P(وKH�$��)�= �,q��'.�]������$�*ho� For example, when deciding whether or not to attend college, one of the repercussions of pursuing an advanced education could be that the individual must live with his or her parents, until the degree is complete. endstream endobj 109 0 obj <>stream

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